ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) is an opaque thermoplastic and amorphous polymer. “Thermoplastic” (as opposed to “thermoset”) has to do with the way the material responds to heat. commonly used for injection molding applications. ABS has a low melting point, which enables its easy use in the injection moulding process and 3D printing. It also has high tensile strength and is very resistant to physical impacts and chemical corrosion, which allow the finished plastic to withstand heavy use and adverse environmental conditions.
ABS Plastic is a copolymer of Acrylonitrile, Butadiene, and Styren. Generally possess medium strength and performance at medium cost. ABS is a common thermoplastic resin and can often meet the property requirements at a reasonable price, falling between standard resins (PVC, polyethylene, polystyrene, etc.) and engineering resins (acrylic, nylon, acetal, etc.). ABS is considered the best of the styrenic family. It is tough, hard and rigid and has good chemical resistance and dimensional stability.
ABS is derived from acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene. Acrylonitrile is a synthetic monomer produced from propylene and ammonia; butadiene is a petroleum hydrocarbon obtained from butane; and styrene monomers, derived from coal, are commercially obtained from benzene and ethylene from coal. The advantage of ABS is that this material combines the strength and rigidity of the acrylonitrile and styrene polymers with the toughness of the polybutadiene rubber. The most amazing mechanical properties of ABS are resistance and toughness. A variety of modifications can be made to improve impact resistance, toughness, and heat resistance. The impact resistance can be amplified by increasing the proportions of polybutadiene in relation to styrene and acrylonitrile although this causes changes in other properties. Impact resistance does not fall off rapidly at lower temperatures. Stability under load is excellent with limited loads.
Even though ABS plastics are used largely for mechanical purposes, they also have good electrical properties that are fairly constant over a wide range of frequencies. These properties are little affected by temperature and atmospheric humidity in the acceptable operating range of temperatures. The final properties will be influenced to some extent by the conditions under which the material is processed to the final product; for example, molding at a high temperature improves the gloss and heat resistance of the product whereas the highest impact resistance and strength are obtained by molding at low temperature.
What are the features and limitations of ABS Material?
- Medium strength
- Tough, hard and rigid
- Good chemical resistance
- Dimensional stability
- Creep resistant
- Outstanding formability
- Very high impact strength
- High tensile strength and stiffness
- Excellent high and low temperature performance
- Resistant to many plasticizers
- Excellent ductility
- Poor weatherability
- Poor solvent resistance
- High smoke generation when burned
What are the applications for ABS Material?
ABS can be used to make light, rigid, molded products such as piping, musical instruments (most notably recorders and plastic clarinets), golf club heads (used for its good shock absorbance), automotive body parts, wheel covers, enclosures, protective head gear, vballs [reusable paintballs], and toys including LEGO bricks.
What are some of the most common variations of ABS Material? The most common different types of ABS Resin are: General Purpose ABS, Low Gloss ABS, High Gloss ABS, High Impact ABS, High Flow ABS (Low Viscosity ABS), and Plateable ABS.
Where can I view a typical data sheet, MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet), or processing /molding guide for ABS Material?
You can view a typical plastic data sheet, MSDS, or Processing / Molding Guide via the link below.
Where can I purchase ABS Material?
The company Premier Plastic Resins, Inc. allows you to purchase ABS Plastic Resin Material online or by phone. Premier Plastic Resins accepts all major credit cards and also provides terms upon approval. Click the link below for more information.
Common Brands and/or Trade names for ABS Material?
- Samsung Starex
- Toray Toyolac
- BASF Terluran
- Sabic Cycolac
- Ineos Lustran
- Formosa Tairilac
- CHI MEI Polylac
- LG ABS